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Aquakultur, Bernd Ueberschaer
Fische, Bernd Ueberschaer
Algen, Yvonne Roessner
Algen, CRM, Thomas Kujawski
Foerde, CRM, Thomas Kujawski
Muscheln, CRM, oceanBASIS
Aquakultur, GMA

Overview

In the Cluster of Excellence "The Future Ocean", in the summer semester 2018, the focus is on the topic of "sustainable aquaculture". Researchers from biology, agricultural sciences, philosophy and social sciences have teamed up with experts and operators from politics, industry and associations with the goal of providing a wide audience from the public, industry and politics with an understanding of the potential and the challenges of sustainable aquaculture.

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Overview

In the Cluster of Excellence "The Future Ocean", in the summer semester 2018, the focus is on the topic of "sustainable aquaculture". Researchers from biology, agricultural sciences, philosophy and social sciences have teamed up with experts and operators from politics, industry and associations with the goal of providing a wide audience from the public, industry and politics with an understanding of the potential and the challenges of sustainable aquaculture.

Different events, such as a public lecture series, will highlight the topic from different angles. Furthermore, the expert knowledge of actors from Kiel will be presented at international symposia. For the school programs in the ocean:lab of the 'Kiel Forschungswerkstatt' of the Cluster of Excellence "The Future Ocean", a new course unit is being developed. In order to integrate the topic "sustainable aquaculture" into the training of fish farmers in the long-term excursions and lecture events with a practical orientation will be offered; a collaboration with the Rendsburg fisheries school will be initiated with a first excursion of the fisheries students to aquaculture companies and institutes on the East and West Coast. Moreover, the dialogue with policy makers on the topic "sustainable aquaculture" will be promoted through a parliamentary evening. Networking between aquaculture actors from industry and science will be enhanced during a "Kiel Marketplace" and joint activities (e.g. "Day on the Quay") as well as through excursions.

Significance of aquaculture
Aquaculture has a long tradition world-wide and contributes significantly to the nutrition of the world's population. With a production of around 77 million tons per year (FAO, 2017), more than half of all fish and seafood products on our plates now come from agriculture. The increasing demand for fish and the simultaneous decrease in natural fish stocks as a result of overfishing have led to the strong growth of the aquaculture industry, which has lasted for decades.
Apart from the use of, for the most part, animal products to meet nutritional needs , the demand for micro and macro algae is also growing (annual production of about 30 million tons; FAO 2017). Algae can provide great amounts of biomass and contain substances such as fats (in particular long chain unsaturated fatty acids), proteins, minerals and vitamins, which are used both in human nutrition as well as in animal feed. A great potential is further attributed to medically active substances. The monoclonal antibodies that can be produced in micro algae cells can, for example, be used as protein-based drugs in cancer therapy or in laboratory diagnostics. There is still great demand for research in order to be able to exploit the enormous potential of algal substances.

Sustainability and Aquaculture
As is true for the entire food and biomass industry, the aquaculture industry faces the challenge of sustainable production.
Conventional aquaculture is often critically assessed because of its use of feed on the basis of wild fish, the destruction of mangrove forests or the use of antibiotics in fish farming. Similarly, the production of microalgae is considered to be not very resource-efficient.
How can the principles of sustainability be implemented in aquaculture? This question forms the basis of current aquaculture research at Kiel University. The core topic here is the development of sustainable feed, in which fish-based sources of protein and fat (fish flour and fish oil) can be replaced by alternative, mostly plant-based resources. In regard to the topic of animal health and animal welfare, the research focuses mainly on finding methods to determine the well-being of aquatic animals, which, in contrast to that of terrestrial animals, is to a great extent unknown. Improved welfare conditions also lead to disease reduction and lower medication use – a practice which has been applied, in particular, in the EU, Canada or Australia for years (FAO, OIE, WHO, 2006).
In addition to this, innovative technologies and rearing systems contribute to enforcing systems which allow for ecologically sensitive and sustainable aquaculture:
One approach is, for example, the use of polycultures, i.e. the combination of different aquaculture organisms. In aquaponics facilities fish breeding is connected with the cultivation of crops in a closed ecological cycle. The excretions of the fish serve as fertilizer for the plants. By removing the nutrients, the plants in turn clean the water of the fish. In this manner, it is possible to reduce water consumption and use the nutrients efficiently. The same principle is pursued in the open sea in so-called integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA): The breeding of fish and shrimps is combined with the cultivation of mussels and macro algae, which take in the byproducts of the fish and shrimps and thereby prevent additional nutrient input into the environment. These examples for sustainable solutions are highly promising but require intensive research. The aim is to establish ecologically sensitive aquaculture in the future.

Contact: Dr. Sabine Haas, shaas@bot.uni-kiel.de

 

Dates

02 May. 2018

Sustainable aquaculture techniques vs market ...

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Sustainable aquaculture techniques vs market potential – Where are we headed?

02 May. 2018
17:00 – 19:00 h

• Valentin Eckart (BioCon Valley, Greifswald)
• Dr. Patrick Unger (The University of Rostock, Professorship for aquaculture and sea-ranching)
• Dr. Hilke Alberts-Hubatsch (AWI Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven)
• Dr. Sebastian Rakers (Fraunhofer Research Institution for Marine Biotechnology and Cell Technology, Lübeck)
Moderation: Dr. Roland Lemcke (Ministry of Energy, Agriculture, the Environment, Nature and Digitalization of the State of Schleswig-Holstein)

The demand for fish, seafood and algae products from aquaculture is growing - as well as the criticism of many conventional aquaculture techniques. However, innovative eco-friendly aquaculture systems can ensure that fish is not only healthy but can also be produced without causing major damage to the environment. New approaches for environmentally friendly cultivation such as the so-called "integrated multi-trophic aquaculture" (IMTA) and Aquaponics are on the rise. Both methods combine the cultivation of different organisms. The excretions of one species serve the other species as a "fertilizer" or as a nutrient. The waste products from fish or shrimp farming are, for example, suitable nutrients for large sea algae or mussels. If this form of sustainable management is operated in breeding facilities in the ocean, it is called "IMTA". On land this integrated cultivated form is called "aquaponics". It combines the cultivation of fish with the cultivation of crops such as lettuce or tomatoes in a closed ecological cycle. The efficiency and possibilities for the use of these "environmentally friendly" aquaculture techniques will be presented and discussed by experts.

The talks will be in German.

Location
Klaus-Murmann-Hörsaal, Leibnizstraße 1, Universität Kiel

16 May. 2018

Animal wealth in the aquaculture – Large-scale ...

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Animal wealth in the aquaculture – Large-scale livestock farming under water?

16 May. 2018
17:00 – 19:00 h

• Dr. Henrike Seibel (Gesellschaft für marine Aquakultur, Büsum)
• Dr. Bernice Bovenkerk (Wageningen University, Netherlands) *
• Mark Schumann (Fisheries Research Institute, Langenargen)
Moderation: Prof. Dr. Konrad Ott (Department of Philosopy, Kiel University)

As with livestock on land, the topic of "animal welfare" and "animal-friendly husbandry" is gaining in importance in aquaculture as well. However, compared to farm animals, there are few methods of determining the well-being of fish and the demands of the different species on their environment are very complex. The current findings from the research area "Animal Welfare in Aquaculture" will be presented and the feasibility and implementation in the practice of aquaculture will be discussed.

The talks will be in German.

Location
Klaus-Murmann-Hörsaal, Leibnizstraße 1, Universität Kiel

30 May. 2018

(No) Right to sustainable aquaculture – Fish ...

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(No) Right to sustainable aquaculture – Fish breeding between environmental regulations and approval processes

30 May. 2018
17:00 – 19:00 h

• Dr. Florian Mühlbauer (Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Eschborn)
• Dr. Yvonne Rößner (Marine Aquaculture Consulting, Eckernförde)
• Dr. Bert Wecker (Förde Garnelen, Strande)
• Milan Müller (State Agency for Agriculture, Environment and Rural Areas Flintbek)
Moderation: Dr. Stefan Meyer (Kompetenznetzwerk Aquakultur, Rendsburg)

Strong growth rates have been recorded in the aquaculture sector worldwide for decades, nevertheless, the great growth of the aquaculture sector has not yet come to Germany. Although aquaculture is one of the areas supported by the EU blue-growth strategy, bureaucratic barriers often prevent the development of aquaculture facilities. On 30 May 2018, experts will provide an insight into the diversity of the required approval processes and the legal background, and point out which measures would be helpful and necessary to promote the development of sustainable aquaculture in Germany.

The talks will be in German.

Location
Klaus-Murmann-Hörsaal, Leibnizstraße 1, Universität Kiel

13 Jun. 2018

Blue biotechnology – New products from ...

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Blue biotechnology – New products from aquaculture

13 Jun. 2018
17:00 – 19:00 h

• Prof. Dr. Deniz Tasdemir (GEOMAR – Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel)*
• Dr. Marina Gebert (Fraunhofer-Einrichtung für Marine Biotechnologie und Zelltechnik, Lübeck)
• Anja Chalmin (International Biologists' Services Consultancy (inbiseco), Bremen)
Moderation: Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Schulz (Botanical Institute, Kiel University)

Research on the potential uses of marine organisms for medicine, the food industry and cosmetics is increasingly gaining in significance in the form of "blue biotechnology". Whether analgesic substances from a sea snail, an anti-freeze protein from ocean fish in ice cream, algae ingredients in cancer therapy, in food or in face creams ... the methods, products and applications are extremely diverse and complex. The lectures on the topic "Blue biotechnology: New products from aquaculture" will inform about current findings as well as the economic potential on June 13, 2018.

The talks will be in German.

Location
Klaus-Murmann-Hörsaal, Leibnizstraße 1, Universität Kiel

20 Jun. 2018

Sustainable aquaculture management – A ...

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Sustainable aquaculture management – A perspective for developing countries?

20 Jun. 2018
17:00 – 19:00 h

• Dr. Stefan Bergleiter (Naturland e.V.)
• Siegfried Harrer (Federal Office for Agriculture and Food, Referat Internationale Zusammenarbeit und Welternährung, Bonn)
• Prof. Dr. Ulfert Focken (Thünen Institute of Fisheries Ecology, Ahrensburg)
Moderation: Prof. Dr. Carsten Schulz (Institute of Animal Breeding and Husbandry, Kiel University)

Today, around 77 million tons of aquaculture products are marketed worldwide. The majority comes from developing countries, in particular from Asia. Here, the aquaculture sector is an important economic sector, providing jobs and livelihoods for many people. However, the intensification and strong growth of the industry are leading to problems: Large space requirements, high stock densities in the farms, intensive feeding and the introduction of drugs burden the organisms, the surrounding ecosystem and thus also the local people. Ecologically, economically and socially sustainable aquaculture management is therefore indispensable to ensure the nutrition and income of the people dependent on it in the long run. Within the framework of the lecture series "Sustainable Aquaculture" experts will report on development projects and present new technologies and approaches on June 27, 2018.

The talks will be in German.

Location
Klaus-Murmann-Hörsaal, Leibnizstraße 1, Universität Kiel

04 Jul. 2018

New food from aquaculture – Does the future of ...

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New food from aquaculture – Does the future of nutrition lie in the water?

04 Jul. 2018
17:00 – 19:00 h

• Robert Stieber (Fraunhofer Research Institution for Marine Biotechnology and Cell Technology, Lübeck)
• Dr. Sebastian Lippemeier (BlueBioTech, Büsum)
• Dr. Matthias Keller (Fisch-Informationszentrum e.V., Hamburg)
• Barbara Janker (Aquaculture Stewardship Council ASC, Berlin)
Moderation: Prof. Dr. Gerald Rimbach (Institute of Human Nutrition and Food Science, Kiel University)

Food production as a major cause of climate change. Factory farming. Food waste. The growing world population. There are many factors forcing a change in our diet. But what will our favorite meal look like in future? Sausage made from mussel paste? Spaghetti from algae? Even if these scenarios seem strange, raw materials from the ocean have an enormous potential to ensure sustainable nutrition in the future as well. What "new" food and food additives are being researched and what our diet might look like in the future will be the topics, on July 4th 2018, of the last lecture in the series in the summer semester 2018 within the framework of the semester topic "Sustainable Aquaculture".

The talks will be in German.

Location
Klaus-Murmann-Hörsaal, Leibnizstraße 1, Universität Kiel

Lecture series

Aquaculture: the Balance between Global Nutrition and Sustainability

Aquaculture is booming and is the fastest growing sector in the food industry. The global increase in the demand for fish and seafood products and the concurrent decline in wild stocks due to overfishing are the main reasons for this development. However, in recent decades the intensification of aquaculture techniques has often had a negative impact on the environment. Can aquaculture really be an answer to overfishing and food security?

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Lecture series

Aquaculture: the Balance between Global Nutrition and Sustainability

Aquaculture is booming and is the fastest growing sector in the food industry. The global increase in the demand for fish and seafood products and the concurrent decline in wild stocks due to overfishing are the main reasons for this development. However, in recent decades the intensification of aquaculture techniques has often had a negative impact on the environment. Can aquaculture really be an answer to overfishing and food security?

Current research results and new technologies show that ecologically sensitive and sustainable aquaculture is possible. Consequences of traditional aquaculture such as pollution, adverse effects on wild populations or energy and water consumption can be minimized and animal health as well as species-appropriate husbandry conditions can be taken into account.
The public lecture series "Aquaculture: the Balance between Global Nutrition and Sustainability" informs about the development of aquaculture, solutions and current procedures for a sustainable production as well as the significance for the environment, society and economics. On seven dates, experts from science, industry and politics will take a look at current aquaculture topics from different points of view.
The lectures will take place Wednesdays from 5:00 pm until 7:00pm in the lecture hall 'Klaus-Murmann-Hörsaal', Leibnizstraße 1, at Kiel University.
The lecture is highly recommended for students who are planning on writing their thesis in the diverse field of "aquaculture" (relevant disciplines: agricultural sciences / food science, philosophy / environmental ethics, biology, etc.).
The lecture series aims to reach the interested public, students and young researchers, as well as employees of all faculties of the university.
Admission is free.

DATES
25.04.2018 Fisch für alle - Ist Aquakultur die Lösung? (Fish for all - Is aquaculture the solution?)
02.05.2018 Nachhaltige Aquakulturverfahren vs Marktpotential - Wohin geht die Reise? (Sustainable aquaculture techniques vs market potential – Where are we headed?)
16.05.2018 Tierwohl in der Aquakultur - Massentierhaltung unter Wasser? (Animal welfare in aquaculture – Large-scale livestock farming under water?)
30.05.2018 UnRecht auf nachhaltige Aquakulturen - Fischzucht zwischen Umweltauflagen und Genehmigungsprozessen ((No) Right to sustainable aquaculture – Fish breeding between environmental regulations and approval processes)
13.06.2018 Blaue Biotechnologie – Neue Produkte aus der Aquakultur (Blue biotechnology – New products from aquaculture)
20.06.2018 Nachhaltiges Aquakulturmanagement - Eine Perspektive für Entwicklungsländer? (Sustainable aquaculture management – A prospect for developing countries?)
04.07.2018 Neue Lebensmittel aus Aquakultur - Liegt die Zukunft der Ernährung im Wasser? (New food from aquaculture – Does the future of nutrition lie in the water?)

A Day at the Quay

Date: June 3, 2018
Place: Tiessenkai, Kiel-Holtenau

The annual "Day at the Quay," a maritime festival on the Tiessenkai in Kiel-Holtenau, is a meeting place for culture, leisure, business and science with a focus on the ocean and the coast. This year's "Day at the Quay", which will take place for the 9th time on June 3, 2018, will focus on the topic of "Sustainable Aquaculture" and introduce the Kiel players from aquaculture research and industry. In addition, the guests at the Tiessenkai will be able find out what is happening on the subject of aquaculture in and around the Kiel Bay: Which research institutes are involved in aquaculture and what is being researched? What does sustainable aquaculture mean and how is it different from conventional aquaculture? What should you pay attention to as a consumer of fish and seafood? What local entrepreneurs are involved in aquaculture production and what products do they offer?

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A Day at the Quay

Date: June 3, 2018
Place: Tiessenkai, Kiel-Holtenau

The annual "Day at the Quay," a maritime festival on the Tiessenkai in Kiel-Holtenau, is a meeting place for culture, leisure, business and science with a focus on the ocean and the coast. This year's "Day at the Quay", which will take place for the 9th time on June 3, 2018, will focus on the topic of "Sustainable Aquaculture" and introduce the Kiel players from aquaculture research and industry. In addition, the guests at the Tiessenkai will be able find out what is happening on the subject of aquaculture in and around the Kiel Bay: Which research institutes are involved in aquaculture and what is being researched? What does sustainable aquaculture mean and how is it different from conventional aquaculture? What should you pay attention to as a consumer of fish and seafood? What local entrepreneurs are involved in aquaculture production and what products do they offer?

We will answer these and other questions in our "aquaculture tent" with an informative program and vivid exhibitions of institutes and entrepreneurs. In addition, the entire day we will be offering trips to the nearby aquaculture facilities on the boat "MS Kieler Sprotte". Thus, guests will be able to get a good picture of the Kiel aquaculture scene can not only on land, but also on the water.

Program:
• Trips to the nearby aquaculture facilities on the boat "MS Kieler Sprotte" (11-16Uhr), Duration of the trip approx. 1 hour.
• Aquaculture tent with exhibitors from science and industry and short pitch talks on topics from the aquaculture scene around the Bay of Kiel

Kontakt: Dr. Sabine Haas, shaas@bot.uni-kiel.de

 

Kiel Marketplace

Within the framework of the semester topic "Sustainable Aquaculture" the 19th "Kiel Marketplace" will take place. The event series "Kieler Marketplace" supports networking between science and industry and offers a forum for the exchange of information on current topics.
The program will follow shortly.

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Kiel Marketplace

Within the framework of the semester topic "Sustainable Aquaculture" the 19th "Kiel Marketplace" will take place. The event series "Kieler Marketplace" supports networking between science and industry and offers a forum for the exchange of information on current topics.
The program will follow shortly.

Contact:
Dr. Wiebke Müller-Lupp, wmueller-lupp@uv.uni-kiel.de

Dr. Sabine Haas, shaas@bot.uni-kiel.de

 

Education of School Children

In cooperation with the Kiel Forschungswerkstatt, two lesson units on Aquaculture and Integrated Multitrophic Aquaculture (IMTA) for the 9th and 10th grade will be developed within the framework of the semester topic. Both units will be available for use in the classroom starting in September 2018. Further information about the Kiel Forschungswerkstatt can be found at www.forschungs-werkstatt.de.

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Education of School Children

In cooperation with the Kiel Forschungswerkstatt, two lesson units on Aquaculture and Integrated Multitrophic Aquaculture (IMTA) for the 9th and 10th grade will be developed within the framework of the semester topic. Both units will be available for use in the classroom starting in September 2018. Further information about the Kiel Forschungswerkstatt can be found at www.forschungs-werkstatt.de.

Contact:
Dr. Katrin Knickmeier, kknickmeier@uv.uni-kiel.de

Dr. Sabine Haas, shaas@bot.uni-kiel.de