R08: Evolving Ocean

Whether and how rapid evolutionary change will affect species interactions, ecosystem and biogeochemical processes?

Evolving Ocean brings together researchers from biogeochemistry, marine ecology, genomics, evolutionary microbiology and biomedical research to evaluate the rapid evolutionary change of populations, species and communities in the context of their biogeochemical environment.


Life originated in the sea, and the oceans harbor the greatest species diversity on earth, which in turn drives biogeochemical cycles and ecosystem services. At the same time, marine ecosystems are increasingly exposed to multiple stressors such as warming, ocean acidification, de-oxygenation, species invasions and the spread of pathogens. Global change research has so far mainly focused on the short-term physiological and ecological consequences of anthropogenic disturbance. The potential of populations and communities to adapt rapidly to global change is only slowly gaining momentum, and has rarely been considered in modeling projections. This is a major knowledge gap for future ocean scenarios and biogeochemical models. Rapidly accumulating evidence indicates that eco-evolutionary feedbacks determine biotic interactions and hence the functioning of ecosystems over time scales similar to present-day anthropogenic disturbances. At the same time, the rapid progress in -omic techniques enable the study of fundamental molecular genetic principles of various traits that underlie important ecosystem functions in many non-model marine species. In an effort to unite research in the Cluster topics Ocean Innovation and Evolving Ocean, projects focused on co-evolution among pathogenic or commensal microbes and their hosts as well as the role of such interactions in adaptation to global change are welcome.


Bosch, T. C. G., Klimovich, A., Domazet-Lošo, T., Gründer, S., Holstein, T. W., Jékely, G., Miller, D. J., Murillo-Rincon, A. P., Rentzsch, F., Richards, G. S., Schröder, K., Technau, U. and Yuste, R. (2017) Back to the Basics: Cnidarians Start to Fire Trends in Neurosciences, 40 (2). pp. 92-105. DOI 10.1016/j.tins.2016.11.005.

Rickert, E., Wahl, M., Link, H., Richter, H. and Pohnert, G. (2016) Seasonal Variations in Surface Metabolite Composition of Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus serratus from the Baltic Sea PLoS ONE, 11 (12). e0168196. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0168196.

Vehmaa, A., Almen, A. K., Brutemark, A., Paul, A. J., Riebesell, U., Furuhagen, S. and Engström-Öst, J. (2016) Ocean acidification challenges copepod phenotypic plasticity Biogeosciences (BG), 13 (22). pp. 6171-6182. DOI 10.5194/bg-13-6171-2016.

Geersen, J., Scholz, F., Linke, P., Schmidt, M., Lange, D., Behrmann, J. H., Völker, D. and Hensen, C. (2016) Fault zone controlled seafloor methane seepage in the rupture area of the 2010 Maule Earthquake, Central Chile Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17 (11). pp. 4802-4813. DOI 10.1002/2016GC006498.

Raddatz, S., Guy-Haim, T., Rilov, G., Wahl, M. and Wernberg, T. (2016) Future warming and acidification effects on anti-fouling and anti-herbivory traits of the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus (Phaeophyceae) Journal of Phycology . DOI 10.1111/jpy.12473.

Listmann, L., LeRoch, M., Schlüter, L., Thomas, M. K. and Reusch, T. B. H. (2016) Swift thermal reaction norm evolution in a key marine phytoplankton species Evolutionary Applications, 9 (9). pp. 1156-1164. DOI 10.1111/eva.12362.

Rickert, E., Lenz, M., Barboza, F., Gorb, S. N. and Wahl, M. (2016) Seasonally fluctuating chemical microfouling control in Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus serratus from the Baltic Sea Marine Biology, 163 (10). DOI 10.1007/s00227-016-2970-3.

Martinez-Perez, C., Mohr, W., Löscher, C., Dekaezemacker, J., Littmann, S., Yilmaz, P., Lehnen, N., Fuchs, B. M., Lavik, G., Schmitz-Streit, R., LaRoche, J. and Kuypers, M. M. M. (2016) The small unicellular diazotrophic symbiont, UCYN-A, is a key player in the marine nitrogen cycle Nature Microbiology, 1 . Art. No. 16163. DOI 10.1038/nmicrobiol.2016.163.

Thomsen, J., Himmerkus, N., Holland, N., Sartoris, F. J., Bleich, M. and Tresguerres, M. (2016) Ammonia excretion in mytilid mussels is facilitated by ciliary beating The Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (15). pp. 2300-2310. DOI 10.1242/jeb.139550.

Schlüter, L., Lohbeck, K. T., Gröger, J. P., Riebesell, U. and Reusch, T. B. (2016) Long-term dynamics of adaptive evolution in a globally important phytoplankton species to ocean acidification Science Advances, 2 (7). e1501660-e1501660. DOI 10.1126/sciadv.1501660.

Paul, A. J., Achterberg, E. P., Bach, L. T., Boxhammer, T., Czerny, J., Haunost, M., Schulz, K. G., Stuhr, A. and Riebesell, U. (2016) No observed effect of ocean acidification on nitrogen biogeochemistry in a summer Baltic Sea plankton community Biogeosciences (BG), 13 . pp. 3901-3913. DOI 10.5194/bg-13-3901-2016.

Hoving, H. J. T., Arkhipkin, A. I., Laptikhovsky, V. V. and Marian, J. E. A. R. (2016) Mating tactics in the sub-Antarctic deep-sea squid Onykia ingens (Cephalopoda: Onychoteuthidae) Polar Biology, 39 (7). pp. 1319-1328. DOI 10.1007/s00300-015-1856-z.

Saha, M., Wiese, J., Weinberger, F. and Wahl, M. (2016) Rapid adaptation to controlling new microbial epibionts in the invaded range promotes invasiveness of an exotic seaweed Journal of Ecology, 104 (4). pp. 969-978. DOI 10.1111/1365-2745.12590.

Böning, C. W., Behrens, E., Biastoch, A., Getzlaff, K. and Bamber, J. L. (2016) Emerging impact of Greenland meltwater on deepwater formation in the North Atlantic Ocean Nature Geoscience, 9 (7). pp. 523-527. DOI 10.1038/ngeo2740.

Wahl, M., Saderne, V. and Sawall, Y. (2016) How good are we at assessing the impact of ocean acidification in coastal systems? Limitations, omissions and strengths of commonly used experimental approaches with a special emphasis on the neglected role of fluctuations Marine and Freshwater Research, 67 (1). pp. 25-36. DOI 10.1071/MF14154.

Hu, M. Y. A., Michael, K., Kreiss, C. M., Stumpp, M., Dupont, S., Tseng, Y. C. and Lucassen, M. (2016) Temperature Modulates the Effects of Ocean Acidification on Intestinal Ion Transport in Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua Frontiers in Physiology, 7 (Art. Nr. 198). DOI 10.3389/fphys.2016.00198.

Guy-Haim, T., Silverman, J., Raddatz, S., Wahl, M., Israel, A. and Rilov, G. (2016) The carbon turnover response to thermal stress of a dominant coralline alga on the fast warming Levant coast Limnology and Oceanography, 61 (3). pp. 1120-1133. DOI 10.1002/lno.10279.

Al-Janabi, B., Kruse, I., Graiff, A., Winde, V., Lenz, M. and Wahl, M. (2016) Buffering and Amplifying Interactions among OAW (Ocean Acidification & Warming) and Nutrient Enrichment on Early Life-Stage Fucus vesiculosus L. (Phaeophyceae) and Their Carry Over Effects to Hypoxia Impact PLoS ONE, 11 (4). e0152948. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.

Mensch, B., Neulinger, S. C., Graiff, A., Pansch, A., Künzel, S., Fischer, M. A. and Schmitz-Streit, R. (2016) Restructuring of Epibacterial Communities on Fucus vesiculosus forma mytili in Response to Elevated pCO2 and Increased Temperature Levels Frontiers in Microbiology, 7 . Art.No.: 434. DOI 10.3389/fmicb.2016.00434.

Olsen, J. L., Rouze, P., Verhelst, B., Lin, Y. C., Bayer, T., Collen, J., Dattolo, E., De Paoli, E., Dittami, S., Maumus, F., Michel, G., Kersting, A., Lauritano, C., Lohaus, R., Töpel, M., Tonon, T., Vanneste, K., Amirebrahimi, M., Brakel, J., Boström, C., Chovatia, M., Grimwood, J., Jenkins, J. W., Jueterbock, A., Mraz, A., Stam, W. T., Tice, H., Bornberg-Bauer, E., Green, P. J., Pearson, G. A., Procaccini, G., Duarte, C. M., Schmutz, J., Reusch, T. B. H. and Van de Peer, Y. (2016) The genome of the seagrass Zostera marina reveals angiosperm adaptation to the sea Nature, 530 . pp. 331-335. DOI 10.1038/nature16548.

Nauendorf, A., Krause, S., Bigalke, N. K., Gorb, E. V., Gorb, S., Haeckel, M., Wahl, M. and Treude, T. (2016) Microbial colonization and degradation of polyethylene and biodegradable plastic bags in temperate fine-grained organic-rich marine sediments Marine Pollution Bulletin, 103 (1-2). pp. 168-178. DOI 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.12.024.

Al-Janabi, B., Kruse, I., Graiff, A., Karsten, U. and Wahl, M. (2016) Genotypic variation in tolerance to warming and acidification of early life-stage Fucus vesiculosus L. (Phaeophyceae) in a seasonally fluctuating environment Marine Biology, 163 (14). pp. 1-15. DOI 10.1007/s00227-015-2804-8.

Deines, P. and Bosch, T. C. G. (2016) Transitioning from Microbiome Composition to Microbial Community Interactions: The Potential of the Metaorganism Hydra as an Experimental Model Frontiers in Microbiology, 7 . DOI 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01610.

Gonnella, G., Böhnke, S., Indenbirken, D., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Seifert, R., Mertens, C., Kurtz, S. and Perner, M. (2016) Endemic hydrothermal vent species identified in the open ocean seed bank Nature Microbiology, 1 (8). p. 16086. DOI 10.1038/nmicrobiol.2016.86.

Hu, M. Y. A., Guh, Y. J., Shao, Y. T., Kuan, P. L., Chen, G. L., Lee, J. R., Jeng, M. S. and Tseng, Y. C. (2016) Strong Ion Regulatory Abilities Enable the Crab Xenograpsus testudinatus to Inhabit Highly Acidified Marine Vent Systems Frontiers in Physiology, 7 . DOI 10.3389/fphys.2016.00014.

Michael, K., Kreiss, C. M., Hu, M. Y., Koschnick, N., Bickmeyer, U., Dupont, S., Pörtner, H. O. and Lucassen, M. (2016) Adjustments of molecular key components of branchial ion and pH regulation in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in response to ocean acidification and warming Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 193 . pp. 33-46. DOI 10.1016/j.cbpb.2015.12.006.

Plain, A., Wulfmeyer, V. C., Milatz, S., Klietz, A., Hou, J. H., Bleich, M. and Himmerkus, N. (2016) Corticomedullary difference in the effects of dietary Ca2+ on tight junction properties in thick ascending limbs of Henle's loop Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology, 468 (2). pp. 293-303. DOI 10.1007/s00424-015-1748-7.

Purser, A., Marcon, Y., Hoving, H. J. T., Vecchione, M., Piatkowski, U., Eason, D., Bluhm, H. and Boetius, A. (2016) Association of deep-sea incirrate octopods with manganese crusts and nodule fields in the Pacific Ocean Current Biology, 26 (24). R1268-R1269. DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2016.10.052.

Schröder, K. and Bosch, T. (2016) The Origin of Mucosal Immunity: Lessons from the Holobiont Hydra mBio, 7 (6). e01184-16. DOI 10.1128/mBio.01184-16.

Theis, K. R., Dheilly, N. M., Klassen, J. L., Brucker, R. M., Baines, J. F., Bosch, T., Cryan, J. F., Gilbert, S. F., Goodnight, C. J., Lloyd, E. A., Sapp, J., Vandenkoornhuyse, P., Zilber-Rosenberg, I., Rosenberg, E., Bordenstein, S. R. and Gilbert, J. A. (2016) Getting the Hologenome Concept Right: an Eco-Evolutionary Framework for Hosts and Their Microbiomes mSystems, 1 (2). e00028-16. DOI 10.1128/mSystems.00028-16.

Tseng, Y. h., Lin, H., Chen, H. c., Thompson, K., Bentsen, M., Böning, C. W., Bozec, A., Cassou, C., Chassignet, E., Chow, C. H., Danabasoglu, G., Danilov, S., Farneti, R., Fogli, P. G., Fujii, Y., Griffies, S. M., Ilicak, M., Jung, T., Masina, S., Navarra, A., Patara, L., Samuels, B. L., Scheinert, M., Sidorenko, D., Sui, C. H., Tsujino, H., Valcke, S., Voldoire, A., Wang, Q. and Yeager, S. G. (2016) North and equatorial Pacific Ocean circulation in the CORE-II hindcast simulations Ocean Modelling, 104 . pp. 143-170. DOI 10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.06.003.

Graiff, A., Bartsch, I., Ruth, W., Wahl, M. and Karsten, K. (2015) Season exerts differential effects of ocean acidification and warming on growth and carbon metabolism of the seaweed Fucus vesiculosus in the western Baltic Sea Frontiers in Marine Science, 2 (112). DOI 10.3389/fmars.2015.00112.

Wahl, M., Buchholz, B., Winde, V., Golomb, D., Guy Haim, T., Müller, J., Rilov, G., Scotti, M. and Boettcher, M. (2015) A mesocosm concept for the simulation of near-natural shallow underwater climates: The Kiel Outdoor Benthocosms (KOB) Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 13 (11). pp. 651-663. DOI 10.1002/lom3.10055.

Singh, A., Baer, S. E., Riebesell, U., Martiny, A. C. and Lomas, M. W. (2015) C : N : P stoichiometry at the Bermuda Atlantic Time-series Study station in the North Atlantic Ocean Biogeosciences (BG), 12 (21). pp. 6389-6403. DOI 10.5194/bg-12-6389-2015.

Paul, A. J., Bach, L. T., Schulz, K. G., Boxhammer, T., Czerny, J., Achterberg, E. P., Hellemann, D., Trense, Y., Nausch, M., Sswat, M. and Riebesell, U. (2015) Effect of elevated CO2 on organic matter pools and fluxes in a summer Baltic Sea plankton community Biogeosciences (BG), 12 (20). pp. 6181-6203. DOI 10.5194/bg-12-6181-2015.

Basse, W. C., Gutowska, M. A., Findeisen, U., Stumpp, M., Dupont, S., Jackson, D. J., Himmerkus, N., Melzner, F. and Bleich, M. (2015) A sea urchin Na+K+2Cl− cotransporter is involved in the maintenance of calcification-relevant cytoplasmic cords in Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis larvae Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A - Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 187 . pp. 184-192. DOI 10.1016/j.cbpa.2015.05.005.

Molis, M., Scrosati, R. A., El-Belely, E. F., Lesniowski, T. J. and Wahl, M. (2015) Wave-induced changes in seaweed toughness entail plastic modifications in snail traits maintaining consumption efficacy Journal of Ecology, 103 (4). pp. 851-859. DOI 10.1111/1365-2745.12386.

Stumpp, M., Hu, M. Y. A., Tseng, Y. C., Guh, Y. J., Chen, Y. C., Yu, J. K., Su, Y. H. and Hwang, P. P. (2015) Evolution of extreme stomach pH in bilateria inferred from gastric alkalization mechanisms in basal deuterostomes Scientific Reports, 5 (10421). DOI 10.1038/srep10421.

Rickert, E., Karsten, U., Pohnert, G. and Wahl, M. (2015) Seasonal fluctuations in chemical defenses against macrofouling in Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus serratus from the Baltic Sea Biofouling, 31 (4). pp. 363-377. DOI 10.1080/08927014.2015.1041020.

Hoving, H. J. T., Laptikhovsky, V. V. and Robison, B. H. (2015) Vampire squid reproductive strategy is unique among coleoid cephalopods Current Biology, 25 (8). R322-R323. DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2015.02.018.

Sawall, Y., Al-Sofyani, A., Hohn, S., Banguera-Hinestroza, E., Voolstra, C. R. and Wahl, M. (2015) Extensive phenotypic plasticity of a Red Sea coral over a strong latitudinal temperature gradient suggests limited acclimatization potential to warming Scientific Reports, 5 (8940). DOI 10.1038/srep08940.

Wahl, M., Molis, M., Hobday, A. J., Dudgeon, S., Neumann, R., Steinberg, P., Campbell, A. H., Marzinelli, E. and Connell, S. (2015) The responses of brown macroalgae to environmental change from local to global scales: direct versus ecologically mediated effects Perspectives in Phycology, 2 (1). pp. 11-29. DOI 10.1127/pip/2015/0019.

Goericke, R., Bograd, S. J. and Grundle, D. (2015) Denitrification and flushing of the Santa Barbara Basin bottom waters Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 112 . pp. 53-60. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.07.012.

Hoang Xuan, B., Sawall, Y., Al-Sofyani, A. and Wahl, M. (2015) Chemical versus structural defense against fish predation in two dominant soft coral species (Xeniidae) in the Red Sea Aquatic Biology, 23 . pp. 129-137. DOI 10.3354/ab00614.

Bang, C., Schmitz-Streit, R. and Narberhaus, F. (2015) Archaea associated with human surfaces: not to be underestimated FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 39 (5). pp. 631-648. DOI 10.1093/femsre/fuv010.

Bauersachs, T., Weidenbach, K., Schmitz, R. A. and Schwark, L. (2015) Distribution of glycerol ether lipids in halophilic, methanogenic and hyperthermophilic archaea Organic Geochemistry, 83-84 . pp. 101-108.

Drotlef, D. M., Appel, E., Peisker, H., Dening, K., del Campo, A., Gorb, S. and Barnes, W. J. P. (2015) Morphological studies of the toe pads of the rock frog, Staurois parvus (family: Ranidae) and their relevance to the development of new biomimetically inspired reversible adhesives Interface Focus, 5 (1).

Eggs, B., Wolff, J. O., Kuhn-Nentwig, L., Gorb, S. and Nentwig, W. (2015) Hunting Without a Web: How Lycosoid Spiders Subdue their Prey Ethology, 121 (12). pp. 1166-1177.

Friedemann, K., Kunert, G., Gorb, E., Gorb, S. and Beutel, R. G. (2015) Attachment forces of pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum) on different legume species Ecological Entomology, 40 (6). pp. 732-740.

Heinsen, F. A., Knecht, H., Neulinger, S. C., Schmitz, R. A., Knecht, C., Kühbacher, T., Rosenstiel, P., Schreiber, S., Friedrichs, A. K. and Ott, S. J. (2015) Dynamic changes of the luminal and mucosa-associated gut microbiota during and after antibiotic therapy with paromomycin Gut Microbes, 6 (4). pp. 243-254. DOI 10.1080/19490976.2015.1062959.

Hu, M. Y. A., Hwang, P. P. and Tseng, Y. C. (2015) Recent advances in understanding trans-epithelial acid-base regulation and excretion mechanisms in cephalopods Tissue Barriers, 3 (4). e1064196. DOI 10.1080/21688370.2015.1064196.

Prasse, D., Thomsen, J., De Santis, R., Muntel, J., Becher, D. and Schmitz-Streit, R. (2015) First description of small proteins encoded by spRNAs in Methanosarcina mazei strain Gö1 Biochimie, 117 . pp. 138-148. DOI 10.1016/j.biochi.2015.04.007.

Weiland-Braeuer, N., Neulinger, S. C., Pinnow, N., Kuenzel, S., Baines, J. F. and Schmitz, R. A. (2015) Composition of Bacterial Communities Associated with Aurelia aurita Changes with Compartment, Life Stage, and Population Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81 (17). pp. 6038-6052.

Wahl, M., Al-Sofyani, A., Saha, M., Kruse, I., Lenz, M. and Sawall, Y. (2014) Large scale patterns of antimicrofouling defenses in the hard coral Pocillopora verrucosa in an environmental gradient along the Saudi Arabian coast of the Red Sea PLoS ONE, 9 (12). e106573. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0106573.

Saha, M., Rempt, M., Stratil, S. B., Wahl, M., Pohnert, G. and Weinberger, F. (2014) Defence Chemistry Modulation by Light and Temperature Shifts and the Resulting Effects on Associated Epibacteria of Fucus vesiculosus PLoS ONE, 9 (10). e105333. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0105333.

Scott, R., Biastoch, A., Roder, C., Stiebens, V. and Eizaguirre, C. (2014) Nano-tags for neonates and ocean-mediated swimming behaviours linked to rapid dispersal of hatchling sea turtles Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 281 (1796). p. 20141209. DOI 10.1098/rspb.2014.1209.

Appelhans, Y., Thomsen, J., Opitz, S., Pansch, C., Melzner, F. and Wahl, M. (2014) Juvenile sea stars exposed to acidification decrease feeding and growth with no acclimation potential Marine Ecology Progress Series, 509 . pp. 227-239. DOI 10.3354/meps10884.

Hoving, H. J. T., Perez, J. A. A., Bolstad, K. S. R., Braid, H. E., Evans, A. B., Fuchs, D., Judkins, H., Kelly, J. T., Marian, J. E. A. R., Nakajima, R., Piatkowski, U., Reid, A., Vecchione, M. and Xavier, J. C. C. (2014) The Study of Deep-Sea Cephalopods Advances in Marine Biology, 67 . pp. 235-359. DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-800287-2.00003-2.

Stratil, S. B., Neulinger, S., Knecht, H., Friedrichs, A. K. and Wahl, M. (2014) Salinity affects compositional traits of epibacterial communities on the brown macroalgaFucus vesiculosus FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 88 (2). pp. 272-279. DOI 10.1111/1574-6941.12292.

Pansch, C., Schaub, I., Havenhand, J. and Wahl, M. (2014) Habitat traits and food availability determine the response of marine invertebrates to ocean acidification Global Change Biology, 20 (3). pp. 765-777. DOI 10.1111/gcb.12478.

Sawall, Y., Al-Sofyani, A., Kürten, B., Al-Aidaroos, A. M., Hoang Xuan, B., Marimuthu, N., Khomayis, H. S., Sommer, U., Gharbawi, W. Y. and Wahl, M. (2014) Coral Communities, in Contrast to Fish Communities, Maintain a High Assembly Similarity along the Large Latitudinal Gradient along the Saudi Red Sea Coast Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography, S4:003 . pp. 1-7. DOI 10.4172/2157-7625.1000s4-003.

Al Bitar, L., Gorb, S., Zebitz, C. P. W. and Voigt, D. (2014) Egg adhesion of the codling moth Cydia pomonella L. (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) to various substrates: II. Fruit surfaces of different apple cultivars Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 8 (1). pp. 57-77.

Bang, C., Ehlers, C., Orell, A., Prasse, D., Spinner, M., Gorb, S., Albers, S. V. and Schmitz, R. A. (2014) Biofilm formation of mucosa-associated methanoarchaeal strains Frontiers in Microbiology, 5 .

Knecht, H., Neulinger, S. C., Heinsen, F. A., Knecht, C., Schilhabel, A., Schmitz, R. A., Zimmermann, A., dos Santos, V. M., Ferrer, M., Rosenstiel, P., Schreiber, S., Friedrichs, A. K. and Ott, S. (2014) Effects of beta-Lactam Antibiotics and Fluoroquinolones on Human Gut Microbiota in Relation to Clostridium difficile Associated Diarrhea PLoS ONE, 9 (2).

Langfeldt, D., Neulinger, S. C., Heuer, W., Staufenbiel, I., Kuenzel, S., Baines, J. F., Eberhard, J. and Schmitz, R. A. (2014) Composition of Microbial Oral Biofilms during Maturation in Young Healthy Adults PLoS ONE, 9 (2).

Langfeldt, D., Neulinger, S. C., Stiesch, M., Stumpp, N., Bang, C., Schmitz, R. A. and Eberhard, J. (2014) Health- and disease-associated species clusters in complex natural biofilms determine the innate immune response in oral epithelial cells during biofilm maturation Fems Microbiology Letters, 360 (2). pp. 137-143.

Stumpp, M., Hu, M. Y. A., Casties, I., Saborowski, R., Bleich, M., Melzner, F. and Dupont, S. (2013) Digestion in sea urchin larvae impaired under ocean acidification Nature Climate Change, 3 (12). pp. 1044-1049. DOI 10.1038/nclimate2028.

Saderne, V. and Wahl, M. (2013) Differential Responses of Calcifying and Non-Calcifying Epibionts of a Brown Macroalga to Present-Day and Future Upwelling pCO2 PLoS ONE, 8 (7). e70455. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0070455.

Saha, M. and Wahl, M. (2013) Seasonal variation in the antifouling defence of the temperate brown alga Fucus vesiculosus Biofouling, 29 (6). pp. 661-668. DOI 10.1080/08927014.2013.795953.

Balsera, M., Uberegui, E., Susanti, D., Schmitz, R. A., Mukhopadhyay, B., Schürmann, P. and Buchanan, B. B. (2013) Ferredoxin:thioredoxin reductase (FTR) links the regulation of oxygenic photosynthesis to deeply rooted bacteria Planta, 237 (2). pp. 619-635. DOI 10.1007/s00425-012-1803-y.

Eberhard, J., Grote, K., Luchtefeld, M., Heuer, W., Schuett, H., Divchev, D., Scherer, R., Schmitz, R. A., Langfeldt, D., Stumpp, N., Staufenbiel, I., Schieffer, B. and Stiesch, M. (2013) Experimental Gingivitis Induces Systemic Inflammatory Markers in Young Healthy Individuals: A Single-Subject Interventional Study PLoS ONE, 8 (2).

Fischer, M., Wahl, M. and Friedrichs, G. (2013) Field Sensor for In-Situ Detection Of Marine Bacterial Biofilms : Novel Sensor Concept Enables Time-Resolved Detection of Bacteria from initial attachement to mature cell clusters Sea Technology, 54 (2). pp. 49-52.

Hiebenthal, C., Philipp, E., Eisenhauer, A. and Wahl, M. (2013) Effects of seawater pCO2 and temperature on shell growth, shell stability, condition and cellular stress of Western Baltic Sea Mytilus edulis (L.) and Arctica islandica (L.) Marine Biology, 160 (8). pp. 2073-2087. DOI 10.1007/s00227-012-2080-9.

Holtmann, W., Stumpp, M., Gutowska, M., Syre, S., Himmerkus, N., Melzner, F. and Bleich, M. (2013) Maintenance of coelomic fluid pH in sea urchins exposed to elevated CO2: the role of body cavity epithelia and stereom dissolution Marine Biology, 160 (10). pp. 2631-2645. DOI 10.1007/s00227-013-2257-x.

Nasrolahi, A., Pansch, C., Lenz, M. and Wahl, M. (2013) Temperature and salinity interactively impact early juvenile development: a bottleneck in barnacle ontogeny Marine Biology, 160 (5). pp. 1109-1117. DOI 10.1007/s00227-012-2162-8.

Pansch, C., Nasrolahi, A., Appelhans, Y. and Wahl, M. (2013) Tolerance of juvenile barnacles (Amphibalanus improvisus) to warming and elevated pCO2 Marine Biology, 160 (8). pp. 2023-2035. DOI 10.1007/s00227-012-2069-4.

Stratil, S. B., Neulinger, S., Knecht, H., Friedrichs, A. K. and Wahl, M. (2013) Temperature-driven shifts in the epibiotic bacterial community composition of the brown macroalgaFucus vesiculosus MicrobiologyOpen, 2 (2). pp. 338-349. DOI 10.1002/mbo3.79.

Wahl, M., Hinrichsen, H. H., Lehmann, A. and Lenz, M. (2013) Natural variability in hard bottom communities and possible drivers assessed by a time-series study in the SW Baltic Sea: know the noise to detect the change Biogeosciences (BG), 10 . pp. 5227-5242. DOI 10.5194/bg-10-5227-2013.

Alexandridis, N., Oschlies, A. and Wahl, M. (2012) Modeling the effects of abiotic and biotic factors on the depth distribution of Fucus vesiculosus in the Baltic Sea Marine Ecology Progress Series, 463 . pp. 59-72. DOI 10.3354/meps09856.

Appelhans, Y., Thomsen, J., Pansch, C., Melzner, F. and Wahl, M. (2012) Sour times: seawater acidification effects on growth, feeding behaviour and acid–base status of Asterias rubens and Carcinus maenas Marine Ecology Progress Series, 459 . pp. 85-98. DOI 10.3354/meps09697.

Bang, C., Schilhabel, A., Weidenbach, K., Kopp, A., Goldmann, T., Gutsmann, T. and Schmitz, R. A. (2012) Effects of Antimicrobial Peptides on Methanogenic Archaea Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 56 (8). pp. 4123-4130.

Fischer, M., Wahl, M. and Friedrichs, G. (2012) Design and field application of a UV-LED based optical fiber biofilm sensor Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 33 (1). pp. 172-178. DOI 10.1016/j.bios.2011.12.048.

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Hiebenthal, C., Philipp, E. E. R., Eisenhauer, A. and Wahl, M. (2012) Interactive effects of temperature and salinity on shell formation and general condition in Baltic Sea Mytilus edulis and Arctica islandica Aquatic Biology, 14 (3). pp. 289-298. DOI 10.3354/ab00405.

Nasrolahi, A., Pansch, C., Lenz, M. and Wahl, M. (2012) Being young in a changing world: how temperature and salinity changes interactively modify the performance of larval stages of the barnacle Amphibalanus improvisus Marine Biology, 159 (2). pp. 331-340. DOI 10.1007/s00227-011-1811-7.

Nasrolahi, A., Stratil, S. B., Jacob, K. J. and Wahl, M. (2012) A protective coat of microorganisms on macroalgae: inhibitory effects of bacterial biofilms and epibiotic microbial assemblages on barnacle attachment FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 81 (3). pp. 583-595. DOI 10.1111/j.1574-6941.2012.01384.x.

Pansch, C., Nasrolahi, A., Appelhans, Y. and Wahl, M. (2012) Impacts of ocean warming and acidification on the larval development of the barnacle Amphibalanus improvisus Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 420-421 . pp. 48-55. DOI 10.1016/j.jembe.2012.03.023.

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Thiel, V., Hügler, M., Blümel, M., Baumann, H. I., Gärtner, A., Schmaljohann, R., Strauss, H., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Petersen, S., Cowart, D. A., Fisher, C. R. and Imhoff, J. F. (2012) Widespread occurrence of two carbon fixation pathways in tubeworm endosymbionts: lessons from hydrothermal vent associated tubeworms from the Mediterranean Sea Frontiers in Microbiology, 3 . p. 423. DOI 10.3389/fmicb.2012.00423.

Wahl, M., Goecke, F. R., Labes, A., Dobretsov, S. and Weinberger, F. (2012) The Second Skin: Ecological Role of Epibiotic Biofilms on Marine Organisms Frontiers in Microbiology, 3 . p. 292. DOI 10.3389/fmicb.2012.00292.

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