R04: Ocean Innovation

How can ocean biological substances and material be used to support technological innovations for a range of applications benefitting human society?

Ocean Innovation brings together researchers from biology, medicine, and materials science to identify chemical, structural, and physical principles that act or could potentially be implemented in form of specific biomimetic materials, surface microstructure, coatings for medical products and dietary additives.


The diversity of marine life forms harbors an invaluable resource of biological substances, materials, and principles that may potentially be exploited for medical and technological applications. The resource comprises a wide range of molecular structures from small diffusible molecules with signaling, antibiotic, and other functions to large biopolymers, materials from bioceramics to hydrogels, and surfaces from adhesive to anti-fouling ones. Despite the theoretical wealth of these principles, only very few marine bioactive substances, materials, surfaces, and/or their biomimetics have found their way into application. Recent technological advances (e.g. automated diving and sampling units, NMR spectroscopy, advances in imaging techniques and high-throughput genomics) have enabled a streamlined discovery process that may allow for a rationale target prioritization scheme.
In an effort to unite research in Ocean Innovation and Evolving Ocean, projects are particularly welcome that address mutual signaling between marine hosts and their microbes, and the role of this interaction for adaptation to global change.

Future Ocean investigates

  • Biomimetics of materials and surface – studies biological surfaces, which represent the interface between living organisms and the marine environment and among other functions may serve as ay barrier against settlement of other marine organisms
  • Antibacteriel substances – investigates small bioactive molecules that are important mediators of cell-cell communications, as signaling substances, as antibiotic actors and in inflammatory processes.
  • Nutrive substances – focuses on nutritive substances with high biological activity, such as highly unsaturated n-3 fatty acids.


Kriest, I., Sauerland, V., Khatiwala, S., Srivastav, A. and Oschlies, A. (2017) Calibrating a global three-dimensional biogeochemical ocean model (MOPS-1.0) Geoscientific Model Development, 10 . pp. 127-154. DOI 10.5194/gmd-10-127-2017.

Geersen, J., Scholz, F., Linke, P., Schmidt, M., Lange, D., Behrmann, J. H., Völker, D. and Hensen, C. (2016) Fault zone controlled seafloor methane seepage in the rupture area of the 2010 Maule Earthquake, Central Chile Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 17 (11). pp. 4802-4813. DOI 10.1002/2016GC006498.

Su, B., Pahlow, M. and Oschlies, A. (2016) Box-modeling of the impacts of atmospheric nitrogen deposition and benthic remineralization on the nitrogen cycle of the eastern tropical South Pacific Biogeosciences (BG), 13 . pp. 4985-5001. DOI 10.5194/bg-13-4985-2016.

Thomsen, J., Himmerkus, N., Holland, N., Sartoris, F. J., Bleich, M. and Tresguerres, M. (2016) Ammonia excretion in mytilid mussels is facilitated by ciliary beating The Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (15). pp. 2300-2310. DOI 10.1242/jeb.139550.

Lebrato, M., Andersson, A. J., Ries, J. B., Aronson, R. B., Lamare, M. D., Koeve, W., Oschlies, A., Iglesias-Rodriguez, M. D., Thatje, S., Amsler, M., Vos, S. C., Jones, D. O. B., Ruhl, H. A., Gates, A. R. and McClintock, J. B. (2016) Benthic marine calcifiers coexist with CaCO3-undersaturated seawater worldwide Global Biogeochemical Cycles . DOI 10.1002/2015GB005260.

Saha, M., Wiese, J., Weinberger, F. and Wahl, M. (2016) Rapid adaptation to controlling new microbial epibionts in the invaded range promotes invasiveness of an exotic seaweed Journal of Ecology, 104 (4). pp. 969-978. DOI 10.1111/1365-2745.12590.

Blanco-Ameijeiras, S., Lebrato, M., Stoll, H. M., Iglesias-Rodriguez, D., Müller, M. N., Mendez-Vicente, A. and Oschlies, A. (2016) Phenotypic Variability in the Coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi PLoS ONE, 11 (6). e0157697. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0157697.

Böning, C. W., Behrens, E., Biastoch, A., Getzlaff, K. and Bamber, J. L. (2016) Emerging impact of Greenland meltwater on deepwater formation in the North Atlantic Ocean Nature Geoscience, 9 (7). pp. 523-527. DOI 10.1038/ngeo2740.

Hu, M. Y. A., Michael, K., Kreiss, C. M., Stumpp, M., Dupont, S., Tseng, Y. C. and Lucassen, M. (2016) Temperature Modulates the Effects of Ocean Acidification on Intestinal Ion Transport in Atlantic Cod, Gadus morhua Frontiers in Physiology, 7 (Art. Nr. 198). DOI 10.3389/fphys.2016.00198.

Nauendorf, A., Krause, S., Bigalke, N. K., Gorb, E. V., Gorb, S., Haeckel, M., Wahl, M. and Treude, T. (2016) Microbial colonization and degradation of polyethylene and biodegradable plastic bags in temperate fine-grained organic-rich marine sediments Marine Pollution Bulletin, 103 (1-2). pp. 168-178. DOI 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.12.024.

Cassidy, L., Prasse, D., Linke, D., Schmitz-Streit, R. and Tholey, A. (2016) Combination of Bottom-up 2D-LC-MS and Semi-top-down GelFree-LC-MS Enhances Coverage of Proteome and Low Molecular Weight Short Open Reading Frame Encoded Peptides of the Archaeon Methanosarcina mazei Journal of Proteome Research, 15 (10). pp. 3773-3783. DOI 10.1021/acs.jproteome.6b00569.

Haas, S., Bauer, J. L., Adakli, A., Meyer, S., Lippemeier, S., Schwarz, K. and Schulz, C. (2016) Marine microalgae Pavlova viridis and Nannochloropsis sp as n-3 PUFA source in diets for juvenile European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) Journal of Applied Phycology, 28 (2). pp. 1011-1021. DOI 10.1007/s10811-015-0622-5.

Heinitz, M. C., Lemme, A. and Schulz, C. (2016) Measurement of digestibility in agastric fish based on stripping method - apparent nutrient, energy and amino acid digestibilities of common feed ingredients for carp diets (Cyprinus carpio) Aquaculture Nutrition, 22 (5). pp. 1065-1078.

Hermelink, B., Kleiner, W., Schulz, C., Kloas, W. and Wuertz, S. (2016) Photo-thermal manipulation for the reproductive management of pikeperch Sander lucioperca Aquaculture International . pp. 1-20.

Hu, M. Y. A., Guh, Y. J., Shao, Y. T., Kuan, P. L., Chen, G. L., Lee, J. R., Jeng, M. S. and Tseng, Y. C. (2016) Strong Ion Regulatory Abilities Enable the Crab Xenograpsus testudinatus to Inhabit Highly Acidified Marine Vent Systems Frontiers in Physiology, 7 . DOI 10.3389/fphys.2016.00014.

Lugert, V., Thaller, G., Tetens, J., Schulz, C. and Krieter, J. (2016) A review on fish growth calculation: multiple functions in fish production and their specific application Reviews in Aquaculture, 8 (1). pp. 30-42.

Malek, I., Schaber, C. F., Heinlein, T., Schneider, J. J., Gorb, S. and Schmitz-Streit, R. (2016) Vertically aligned multi walled carbon nanotubes prevent biofilm formation of medically relevant bacteria J. Mater. Chem. B, 4 (31). pp. 5228-5235. DOI 10.1039/C6TB00942E.

Michael, K., Kreiss, C. M., Hu, M. Y., Koschnick, N., Bickmeyer, U., Dupont, S., Pörtner, H. O. and Lucassen, M. (2016) Adjustments of molecular key components of branchial ion and pH regulation in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in response to ocean acidification and warming Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 193 . pp. 33-46. DOI 10.1016/j.cbpb.2015.12.006.

Nam-Koong, H., Schroeder, J. P., Petrick, G. and Schulz, C. (2016) Removal of the off-flavor compounds geosmin and 2-methylisoborneol from recirculating aquaculture system water by ultrasonically induced cavitation Aquacultural Engineering, 70 . pp. 73-80.

Plain, A., Wulfmeyer, V. C., Milatz, S., Klietz, A., Hou, J. H., Bleich, M. and Himmerkus, N. (2016) Corticomedullary difference in the effects of dietary Ca2+ on tight junction properties in thick ascending limbs of Henle's loop Pflugers Archiv-European Journal of Physiology, 468 (2). pp. 293-303. DOI 10.1007/s00424-015-1748-7.

Tielmann, M., Schulz, C. and Meyer, S. (2016) Self-grading of larval pike-perch (Sander lucioperca), triggered by positive phototaxis Aquacultural Engineering, 72-73 . pp. 13-19.

Tseng, Y. h., Lin, H., Chen, H. c., Thompson, K., Bentsen, M., Böning, C. W., Bozec, A., Cassou, C., Chassignet, E., Chow, C. H., Danabasoglu, G., Danilov, S., Farneti, R., Fogli, P. G., Fujii, Y., Griffies, S. M., Ilicak, M., Jung, T., Masina, S., Navarra, A., Patara, L., Samuels, B. L., Scheinert, M., Sidorenko, D., Sui, C. H., Tsujino, H., Valcke, S., Voldoire, A., Wang, Q. and Yeager, S. G. (2016) North and equatorial Pacific Ocean circulation in the CORE-II hindcast simulations Ocean Modelling, 104 . pp. 143-170. DOI 10.1016/j.ocemod.2016.06.003.

Weiland-Bräuer, N., Kisch, M. J., Pinnow, N., Liese, A. and Schmitz-Streit, R. (2016) Highly Effective Inhibition of Biofilm Formation by the First Metagenome-Derived Al-2 Quenching Enzyme Frontiers in Microbiology, 7 . DOI 10.3389/fmicb.2016.01098.

Weiland-Bräuer, N., Langfeldt, D. and Schmitz-Streit, R. (2016) Construction and Screening of Marine Metagenomic Large Insert Libraries pp. 23-42. DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-6691-2_3.

Zeytin, S., Schulz, C. and Ueberschar, B. (2016) Diurnal patterns of tryptic enzyme activity under different feeding regimes in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) larvae Aquaculture, 457 . pp. 85-90.

von Danwitz, A., van Bussel, C. G. J., Klatt, S. F. and Schulz, C. (2016) Dietary phytase supplementation in rapeseed protein based diets influences growth performance, digestibility and nutrient utilisation in turbot (Psetta maxima L.) Aquaculture, 450 . pp. 405-411.

Vielstädte, L., Karstens, J., Haeckel, M., Schmidt, M., Linke, P., Reimann, S., Liebetrau, V., McGinnis, D. and Wallmann, K. (2015) Quantification of methane emissions at abandoned gas wells in the Central North Sea Marine and Petroleum Geology, 68 . pp. 848-860. DOI 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.07.030.

Basse, W. C., Gutowska, M. A., Findeisen, U., Stumpp, M., Dupont, S., Jackson, D. J., Himmerkus, N., Melzner, F. and Bleich, M. (2015) A sea urchin Na+K+2Cl− cotransporter is involved in the maintenance of calcification-relevant cytoplasmic cords in Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis larvae Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A - Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 187 . pp. 184-192. DOI 10.1016/j.cbpa.2015.05.005.

Stumpp, M., Hu, M. Y. A., Tseng, Y. C., Guh, Y. J., Chen, Y. C., Yu, J. K., Su, Y. H. and Hwang, P. P. (2015) Evolution of extreme stomach pH in bilateria inferred from gastric alkalization mechanisms in basal deuterostomes Scientific Reports, 5 (10421). DOI 10.1038/srep10421.

Schroeder, J. P., Klatt, S. F., Schlachter, M., Zablotski, Y., Keuter, S., Spieck, E. and Schulz, C. (2015) Impact of ozonation and residual ozone-produced oxidants on the nitrification performance of moving-bed biofilters from marine recirculating aquaculture systems Aquacultural Engineering, 65 . pp. 27-36. DOI 10.1016/j.aquaeng.2014.10.008.

Su, B., Pahlow, M., Wagner, H. and Oschlies, A. (2015) What prevents nitrogen depletion in the oxygen minimum zone of the eastern tropical South Pacific? Biogeosciences (BG), 12 . pp. 1113-1130. DOI 10.5194/bg-12-1113-2015.

Appel, E., Heepe, L., Lin, C. P. and Gorb, S. (2015) Ultrastructure of dragonfly wing veins: composite structure of fibrous material supplemented by resilin Journal of Anatomy, 227 (4). pp. 561-582.

Baio, J. E., Spinner, M., Jaye, C., Fischer, D. A., Gorb, S. and Weidner, T. (2015) Evidence of a molecular boundary lubricant at snakeskin surfaces Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 12 (113).

Brehm, G., Fischer, M., Gorb, S., Kleinteich, T., Kuehn, B., Neubert, D., Pohl, H., Wipfler, B. and Wurdinger, S. (2015) The unique sound production of the Death's-head hawkmoth (Acherontia atropos (Linnaeus, 1758)) revisited Science of Nature, 102 (7-8).

Ditsche, P., Gorb, E., Mayser, M., Gorb, S., Schimmel, T. and Barthlott, W. (2015) Elasticity of the hair cover in air-retaining Salvinia surfaces Applied Physics a-Materials Science & Processing, 121 (2). pp. 505-511.

Drotlef, D. M., Appel, E., Peisker, H., Dening, K., del Campo, A., Gorb, S. and Barnes, W. J. P. (2015) Morphological studies of the toe pads of the rock frog, Staurois parvus (family: Ranidae) and their relevance to the development of new biomimetically inspired reversible adhesives Interface Focus, 5 (1).

Eggs, B., Wolff, J. O., Kuhn-Nentwig, L., Gorb, S. and Nentwig, W. (2015) Hunting Without a Web: How Lycosoid Spiders Subdue their Prey Ethology, 121 (12). pp. 1166-1177.

Filippov, A. E. and Gorb, S. (2015) Spatial model of the gecko foot hair: functional significance of highly specialized non-uniform geometry Interface Focus, 5 (1).

Filippov, A. E., Popov, V. L. and Gorb, S. (2015) The functional significance of density and distribution of outgrowths on co-opted contact pairs in biological arresting systems Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 370 (1661).

Filippov, A., Kovalev, A., Matsumura, Y. and Gorb, S. (2015) Male penile propulsion into spiraled spermathecal ducts of female chrysomelid beetles: A numerical simulation approach Journal of Theoretical Biology, 384 . pp. 140-146.

Frantsevich, L., Gorb, S., Radchenko, V. and Gladun, D. (2015) Lehr's fields of campaniform sensilla in beetles (Coleoptera): Functional morphology. III. Modification of elytral mobility or shape in flying beetles Arthropod Structure & Development, 44 (2). pp. 113-120.

Frantsevich, L., Gorb, S., Radchenko, V., Gladun, D., Polilov, A., Cherney, L., Browdy, V. and Kovalev, M. (2015) Lehr's fields of campaniform sensilla in beetles (Coleoptera): Functional morphology. II. Wing reduction and the sensory field Arthropod Structure & Development, 44 (1). pp. 1-9.

Friedemann, K., Kunert, G., Gorb, E., Gorb, S. and Beutel, R. G. (2015) Attachment forces of pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum) on different legume species Ecological Entomology, 40 (6). pp. 732-740.

Gandyra, D., Walheim, S., Gorb, S., Barthlott, W. and Schimmel, T. (2015) The capillary adhesion technique: a versatile method for determining the liquid adhesion force and sample stiffness Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 6 . pp. 11-18.

Lugert, V., Tetens, J., Thaller, G., Schulz, C. and Krieter, J. (2015) Finding suitable growth models for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) in aquaculture 1 (length application) Aquaculture Research, 48 (1). pp. 24-36. DOI 10.1111/are.12857.

Pietsch, C., Katzenback, B. A., Garcia-Garcia, E., Schulz, C., Belosevic, M. and Burkhardt-Holm, P. (2015) Acute and subchronic effects on immune responses of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) after exposure to deoxynivalenol (DON) in feed Mycotoxin Research, 31 (3). pp. 151-164.

Pietsch, C., Kersten, S., Valenta, H., Daenicke, S., Schulz, C., Burkhardt-Holm, P. and Junge, R. (2015) Effects of Dietary Exposure to Zearalenone (ZEN) on Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Toxins, 7 (9). pp. 3465-3480.

Rehberg-Haas, S., Meyer, S., Lippemeier, S. and Schulz, C. (2015) A comparison among different Pavlova sp products for cultivation of Brachionus plicatilis Aquaculture, 435 . pp. 424-430.

Rehberg-Haas, S., Meyer, S., Tielmann, M., Lippemeier, S., Vadstein, O., Bakke, I., Kjorsvik, E., Evjemo, J. O. and Schulz, C. (2015) Use of the microalga Pavlova viridis as enrichment product for the feeding of Atlantic cod larvae (Gadus morhua) Aquaculture, 438 . pp. 141-150.

Stiller, K. T., Vanselow, K. H., Moran, D., Bojens, G., Voigt, W., Meyer, S. and Schulz, C. (2015) The effect of carbon dioxide on growth and metabolism in juvenile turbot Scophthalmus maximus L Aquaculture, 444 . pp. 143-150.

Weiland-Braeuer, N., Pinnow, N. and Schmitz, R. A. (2015) Novel Reporter for Identification of Interference with Acyl Homoserine Lactone and Autoinducer-2 Quorum Sensing Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81 (4). pp. 1477-1489.

Winkelbach, A., Guenzel, D., Schulz, C. and Wuertz, S. (2015) Differences in IgY gut absorption in gastric rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and agastric common carp (Cyprinus carpio) assessed in vivo and in vitro Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C-Toxicology & Pharmacology, 167 . pp. 58-64.

Winkelbach, A., Schade, R., Schulz, C. and Wuertz, S. (2015) Comparison of oral, rectal and intraperitoneal administration of IgY antibodies in passive immunization of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Aquaculture International, 23 (2). pp. 427-438.

Scott, R., Biastoch, A., Roder, C., Stiebens, V. and Eizaguirre, C. (2014) Nano-tags for neonates and ocean-mediated swimming behaviours linked to rapid dispersal of hatchling sea turtles Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 281 (1796). p. 20141209. DOI 10.1098/rspb.2014.1209.

Prowe, A. E. F., Pahlow, M., Dutkiewicz, S. and Oschlies, A. (2014) How important is diversity for capturing environmental-change responses in ecosystem models? Biogeosciences (BG), 11 . pp. 3397-3407. DOI 10.5194/bg-11-3397-2014.

Pansch, C., Schaub, I., Havenhand, J. and Wahl, M. (2014) Habitat traits and food availability determine the response of marine invertebrates to ocean acidification Global Change Biology, 20 (3). pp. 765-777. DOI 10.1111/gcb.12478.

Al Bitar, L., Gorb, S., Zebitz, C. P. W. and Voigt, D. (2014) Egg adhesion of the codling moth Cydia pomonella L. (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) to various substrates: II. Fruit surfaces of different apple cultivars Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 8 (1). pp. 57-77.

Frantsevich, L., Gorb, S., Radchenko, V., Gladun, D. and Polilov, A. (2014) Lehr's fields of campaniform sensilla in beetles (Coleoptera): Functional morphology. I. General part and allometry Arthropod Structure & Development, 43 (6). pp. 523-535.

Nagel, F., von Danwitz, A., Schlachter, M., Kroeckel, S., Wagner, C. and Schulz, C. (2014) Blue mussel meal as feed attractant in rapeseed protein-based diets for turbot (Psetta maxima L.) Aquaculture Research, 45 (12). pp. 1964-1978.

Pietsch, C., Michel, C., Kersten, S., Valenta, H., Dänicke, S., Schulz, C., Kloas, W. and Burkhardt-Holm, P. (2014) In vivo effects of deoxynivalenol (DON) on innate immune responses of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Food and Chemical Toxicology, 68 . pp. 44-52.

Pietsch, C., Schulz, C., Rovira, P., Kloas, W. and Burkhardt-Holm, P. (2014) Organ Damage and Hepatic Lipid Accumulation in Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) after Feed-Borne Exposure to the Mycotoxin, Deoxynivalenol (DON) Toxins, 6 (2). pp. 756-778.

Roessner, Y., Krost, P. and Schulz, C. (2014) Increasing seaweed crop yields through organic fertilisation at the nursery stage Journal of Applied Phycology, 26 (2). pp. 753-762.

van Bussel, C. G. J., Schroeder, J. P., Mahlmann, L. and Schulz, C. (2014) Aquatic accumulation of dietary metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Mn) in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) changes body composition but not performance and health of juvenile turbot (Psetta maxima) Aquacultural Engineering, 61 . pp. 35-42.

Stumpp, M., Hu, M. Y. A., Casties, I., Saborowski, R., Bleich, M., Melzner, F. and Dupont, S. (2013) Digestion in sea urchin larvae impaired under ocean acidification Nature Climate Change, 3 (12). pp. 1044-1049. DOI 10.1038/nclimate2028.

Dietz, C., Stiller, K. T., Griese, M., Schulz, C. and Susenbeth, A. (2013) Influence of salinity on energy metabolism in juvenile turbot, Psetta maxima (L.) Aquaculture Nutrition, 19 . pp. 135-150.

El Jarbi, M., Rückelt, J., Slawig, T. and Oschlies, A. (2013) Reducing the model-data misfit in a marine ecosystem model using periodic parameters and linear quadratic optimal control Biogeosciences (BG), 10 (2). pp. 1169-1182. DOI 10.5194/bg-10-1169-2013.

Hermelink, B., Wuertz, S., Rennert, B., Kloas, W. and Schulz, C. (2013) Temperature control of pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) maturation in recirculating aquaculture systems-induction of puberty and course of gametogenesis Aquaculture, 400 . pp. 36-45.

Holtmann, W., Stumpp, M., Gutowska, M., Syre, S., Himmerkus, N., Melzner, F. and Bleich, M. (2013) Maintenance of coelomic fluid pH in sea urchins exposed to elevated CO2: the role of body cavity epithelia and stereom dissolution Marine Biology, 160 (10). pp. 2631-2645. DOI 10.1007/s00227-013-2257-x.

Pansch, C., Nasrolahi, A., Appelhans, Y. and Wahl, M. (2013) Tolerance of juvenile barnacles (Amphibalanus improvisus) to warming and elevated pCO2 Marine Biology, 160 (8). pp. 2023-2035. DOI 10.1007/s00227-012-2069-4.

Samuel-Fitwi, B., Meyer, S., Reckmann, K., Schroeder, J. P. and Schulz, C. (2013) Aspiring for environmentally conscious aquafeed: comparative LCA of aquafeed manufacturing using different protein sources Journal of Cleaner Production, 52 . pp. 225-233.

Samuel-Fitwi, B., Nagel, F., Meyer, S., Schroeder, J. P. and Schulz, C. (2013) Comparative life cycle assessment (LCA) of raising rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in different production systems Aquacultural Engineering, 54 . pp. 85-92.

Samuel-Fitwi, B., Schroeder, J. P. and Schulz, C. (2013) System delimitation in life cycle assessment (LCA) of aquaculture: striving for valid and comprehensive environmental assessment using rainbow trout farming as a case study International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 18 (3). pp. 577-589.

Slawski, H., Nagel, F., Wysujack, K., Balke, D. T., Franz, P. and Schulz, C. (2013) Total fish meal replacement with canola protein isolate in diets fed to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss W.) Aquaculture Nutrition, 19 (4). pp. 535-542.

Stiller, K. T., Moran, D., Vanselow, K. H., Marxen, K., Wuertz, S. and Schulz, C. (2013) A novel respirometer for online detection of metabolites in aquaculture research: Evaluation and first applications Aquacultural Engineering, 55 . pp. 23-31.

Wuertz, S., Schulze, S. G. E., Eberhardt, U., Schulz, C. and Schroeder, J. P. (2013) Acute and chronic nitrite toxicity in juvenile pike-perch (Sander lucioperca) and its compensation by chloride Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology C-Toxicology & Pharmacology, 157 (4). pp. 352-360.

van Bussel, C. G. J., Mahlmann, L., Kroeckel, S., Schroeder, J. P. and Schulz, C. (2013) The effect of high ortho-phosphate water levels on growth, feed intake, nutrient utilization and health status of juvenile turbot (Psetta maxima) reared in intensive recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) Aquacultural Engineering, 57 . pp. 63-70.

van Bussel, C. G. J., Schröder, J., Wuertz, S. and Schulz, C. (2012) The chronic effect of nitrate on production performance and health status of juvenile turbot (Psetta maxima) Aquaculture, 326-329 . pp. 163-167.

Appelhans, Y., Thomsen, J., Pansch, C., Melzner, F. and Wahl, M. (2012) Sour times: seawater acidification effects on growth, feeding behaviour and acid–base status of Asterias rubens and Carcinus maenas Marine Ecology Progress Series, 459 . pp. 85-98. DOI 10.3354/meps09697.

Dietz, C., Kroeckel, S., Schulz, C. and Susenbeth, A. (2012) Energy requirement for maintenance and efficiency of energy utilization for growth in juvenile turbot (Psetta maxima, L.): The effect of strain and replacement of dietary fish meal by wheat gluten Aquaculture, 358-359 . pp. 98-107. DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2012.06.028.

Hiebenthal, C., Philipp, E. E. R., Eisenhauer, A. and Wahl, M. (2012) Interactive effects of temperature and salinity on shell formation and general condition in Baltic Sea Mytilus edulis and Arctica islandica Aquatic Biology, 14 (3). pp. 289-298. DOI 10.3354/ab00405.

Ilmberger, N., Meske, D., Juergensen, J., Schulte, M., Barthen, P., Rabausch, U., Angelov, A., Mientus, M., Liebl, W., Schmitz, R. A. and Streit, W. R. (2012) Metagenomic cellulases highly tolerant towards the presence of ionic liquids-linking thermostability and halotolerance Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 95 (1). pp. 135-146.

Kroeckel, S., Harjes, A. G. E., Roth, I., Katz, H., Wuertz, S., Susenbeth, A. and Schulz, C. (2012) When a turbot catches a fly: Evaluation of a pre-pupae meal of the Black Soldier Fly (Hermetia illucens) as fish meal substitute — Growth performance and chitin degradation in juvenile turbot (Psetta maxima) Aquaculture, 364-365 . pp. 345-352. DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2012.08.041.

Nagel, F., Slawski, H., Adem, H., Tressel, R. P., Wysujack, K. and Schulz, C. (2012) Albumin and globulin rapeseed protein fractions as fish meal alternative in diets fed to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss W.) Aquaculture, 354 . pp. 121-127.

Nagel, F., von Danwitz, A., Tusche, K., Kroeckel, S., van Bussel, C. G. J., Schlachter, M., Adem, H., Tressel, R. P. and Schulz, C. (2012) Nutritional evaluation of rapeseed protein isolate as fish meal substitute for juvenile turbot (Psetta maxima L.) - Impact on growth performance, body composition, nutrient digestibility and blood physiology Aquaculture, 356 . pp. 357-364.

Samuel-Fitwi, B., Wuertz, S., Schroeder, J. P. and Schulz, C. (2012) Sustainability assessment tools to support aquaculture development Journal of Cleaner Production, 32 . pp. 183-192.

Stumpp, M., Hu, M. Y. A., Melzner, F., Gutowska, M., Dorey, N., Himmerkus, N., Holtmann, W. C., Dupont, S. T., Thorndyke, M. C. and Bleich, M. (2012) Acidified seawater impacts sea urchin larvae pH regulatory systems relevant for calcification Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109 (44). pp. 18192-18197. DOI 10.1073/pnas.1209174109.

Baer, A., Schulz, C., Traulsen, I. and Krieter, J. (2011) Analysing the growth of turbot (Psetta maxima) in a commercial recirculation system with the use of three different growth models Aquaculture International, 19 (3). pp. 497-511. DOI 10.1007/s10499-010-9365-0.

Baer, A., Schulz, C., Traulsen, I. and Krieter, J. (2011) The Use of CUSUM Charts for Early Detection of Increasing Mortality in a Turbot Recirculation System Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 63 . DOI 645.

Beal, L. M., De Ruijter, W. P. M., Biastoch, A., Zahn, R., Cronin, M., Hermes, J., Lutjeharms, J., Quartly, G., Tozuka, T., Baker-Yeboah, S., Bornman, T., Cipollini, P., Dijkstra, H., Hall, I., Park, W., Peeters, F., Penven, P., Ridderinkhof, H. and Zinke, J. and SCOR/WCRP/IAPSOWorking Group 136 (2011) On the role of the Agulhas system in ocean circulation and climate Nature, 472 (7344). pp. 429-436. DOI 10.1038/nature09983.

Meric, I., Wuertz, S., Kloas, W., Wibbelt, G. and Schulz, C. (2011) Cottonseed Oilcake as a Protein Source in Feeds for Juvenile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): Antinutritional Effects and Potential Detoxification by Iron Supplementation Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 63 . DOI 588.

Slawski, H., Adem, H., Tressel, R. P., Wysujack, K., Koops, U. and Schulz, C. (2011) Replacement of Fishmeal by Rapeseed Protein Concentrate in Diets for Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 63 . DOI 605.

Suffrian, K., Schulz, K. G., Gutowska, M., Riebesell, U. and Bleich, M. (2011) Cellular pH measurements in Emiliania huxleyi reveal pronounced membrane proton permeability New Phytologist, 190 (3). pp. 595-608. DOI 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03633.x.

Tusche, K., Berends, K., Wuertz, S., Susenbeth, A. and Schulz, C. (2011) Evaluation of feed attractants in potato protein concentrate based diets for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Aquaculture, 321 (1-2). pp. 54-60. DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.08.020.

Tusche, K., Wuertz, S., Susenbeth, A. and Schulz, C. (2011) Feeding fish according to organic aquaculture guidelines EC 710/2009: Influence of potato protein concentrates containing various glycoalkaloid levels on health status and growth performance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Aquaculture, 319 (1-2). pp. 122-131. DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.06.035.